Apache Hadoop has two main subprojects:
- MapReduce - The framework that understands and assigns work to the nodes in a cluster.
- HDFS - A file system that spans all the nodes in a Hadoop cluster for data storage. It links together the file systems on many local nodes to make them into one big file system. HDFS assumes nodes will fail, so it achieves reliability by replicating data across multiple nodes
Hadoop is supplemented by an ecosystem of Apache projects, such as Pig, Hive andZookeeper, that extend the value of Hadoop and improves its usability.
So what’s the big deal?
Hadoop changes the economics and the dynamics of large scale computing. Its impact can be boiled down to four salient characteristics.
Apache™ Hadoop® is an open source software project that enables the distributed processing of large data sets across clusters of commodity servers. It is designed to scale up from a single server to thousands of machines, with a very high degree of fault tolerance. Rather than relying on high-end hardware, the resiliency of these clusters comes from the software’s ability to detect and handle failures at the application layer.
Hadoop enables a computing solution that is:
- Scalable– New nodes can be added as needed, and added without needing to change data formats, how data is loaded, how jobs are written, or the applications on top.
- Cost effective– Hadoop brings massively parallel computing to commodity servers. The result is a sizeable decrease in the cost per terabyte of storage, which in turn makes it affordable to model all your data.
- Flexible– Hadoop is schema-less, and can absorb any type of data, structured or not, from any number of sources. Data from multiple sources can be joined and aggregated in arbitrary ways enabling deeper analyses than any one system can provide.
- Fault tolerant– When you lose a node, the system redirects work to another location of the data and continues processing without missing a beat.
Think Hadoop is right for you?
Eighty percent of the world’s data is unstructured, and most businesses don’t even attempt to use this data to their advantage. Imagine if you could afford to keep all the data generated by your business? Imagine if you had a way to analyze that data?